Photo Tips

Photography Tips: 10 Tips to Improve Your Black & White Photography

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10 Tips to Improve Your Black & White Photography

http://www.picturecorrect.com/tips/10-tips-to-improve-your-black-white-photography/

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Photo Tips: Protect Your Camera!

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I would like to share an article that I think is very nice and helpful to us all, especially the photography lovers, which is about how to protect your beloved camera so that the camera kept clean of dirt. This article has been published in a magazine “PhotoYou” from Canon in 2010 (Autumn).

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For DSLR, there are many dangers lurking around every corner. This article tells you how to protect your beloved camera from them.

1. SAND – Great to walk barefoot in, but terrible for your camera!

THE WARNING SIGNS

Your lens won’t budge – don’t force it! Your screen shows a system error message that is due to moving parts getting stuck.

THE SOLUTION

Sensor cleaning kits and gadget that puff air will not help. Take it to a dealer who does cleaning or send it to directly to the manufacturer. They will take it apart, clean and re-lube all the moving parts to revive it.

HOW TO AVOID IT

  • Use sealable food bags
  • Store your camera in an ice chest cooler with towels inside. Leave your normal camera bag at home as it’s a sand trap
  • Don’t get down low while shooting. This is like inviting sand to jump into your lens!
  • Anticipate danger. If you see kids about to run past, quickly protect your camera.
  • Keep one eye open while you shoot. It will help you watch out for incoming sand.

2. WATER – We drink lots of it, but it’s not good for our DSLR

THE WARNING SIGNS

Like a mobile phone that’s gone swimming, do not turn your camera back on as it trigger a power surge that kills. Remove the battery at once. Watch out for corrupted files, error messages on screen and the camera turning off unexpectedly.

THE SOLUTION

Take it to a dealer for professional advice and dry a damaged camera in a bag with dehumidifying sachets or  submerge in a bag of uncooked rice.

HOW TO AVOID IT

  • Invest in camera encasement and a waterproof rolling bag.
  • Never leave your camera on a table near drinks
  • Take all the same precautions at the beach as you would against water.
  • Use a zoom lens to avoid being right in the splashy action.
  • Don’t change your lens in extreme weather like snow or freezing cold. If you must, then do it creatively under a blanket or inside your coat.

3. HEAT – Only Pamela Anderson plays all day under the sun

THE WARNING SIGNS

While high-end DSLRs are made to withstand extreme weather, there are two types of heat that are bad for all cameras: hot enclosed air like that of a boot of the car under the sun, and direct sunlight. Heat damages polymer glues, glass coatings and plastics casing within your camera kit. The oils that lube the inner workings of your camera can vaporise or separate in deep heat. The LED screen and memory card may also malfunction.

THE SOLUTION

If your camera is burning hot to the touch, set it down in shade and let it cool down and replace the memory card before using. If you suspect serious damage, take it to a dealer for an inspection.

HOW TO AVOID IT

  • Do not leave your gear in a car under the hot sun.
  • Always opt to give shade when you can.

4. DUST – All DSLRs are allergic to dust

THE WARNING SIGNS

You know dust has attacked when you can see tiny black specks in your photos. These are from pieces of dust stuck onto the camera’s sensor. Dust also prevents a camera’s auto focus from working properly.

THE SOLUTION

New Canon DSLRs have excellent systems for periodically shaking dust off the sensor. The cleaning of the sensor is set to run every time the camera turned on or off, by default. This will resolve the situation before it even becomes a problem.

HOW TO AVOID IT

  • Slow your camera properly away when not in use.
  • Never ever leave your camera without a lens or the front cap to protect its insides.
  • Never change lenses in dusty conditions
  • When changing lenses, hold camera with it lens mount pointing downward so dust won’t fall into it.

5. SUNSCREEN – Good only on skin, not on camera

THE WARNING SIGNS

Contact with oils will slowly degenerate the condition of your camera. A day of shooting outdoors can make your kit’s exterior quite grubby.

THE SOLUTION

Clean camera’s exterior with gentle baby wipes and soft dry cloths. However, cream gets into uncreachable crevices and delicate parts in a camera and results in a build-up of grime. In the case of an oil spill within the bag, you will have to turn to a dealer for professional cleaning.

HOW TO AVOID IT

  • Wear clothing that separates camera from skin. For example, a strapless top will smear sunscreen all over a camera slung onto the same oiled arm.
  • Apply cream to skin, then wash hands thoroughly before picking up your kit.
  • Don’t store sunscreen near camera or in a camera bag.

Tips Fotografi: 6 Hal Yang Perlu Diperhatikan Untuk Memotret Air Terjun

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Memotret landscape air terjun memang menyenangkan. Dengan menggunakan tehnik “slow speed” (SS), akan menghasilkan gambar yang indah memukau. Aliran air akan tampak halus, lembut dan putih bagaikan kapas. Batu-batu yang ada di sekitar air terjun dan hijau pepohonan akan menciptakan komposisi foto yang mengagumkan. Yuk ikuti tips sederhana dibawah ini yang akan membuat foto anda menjadi indah 🙂

1. Waktu yang Tepat

Waktu yang terbaik untuk memotret air terjun adalah sesudah hujan turun. Ini akan membuat aliran air sungai deras dan air hujan juga biasanya akan membantu saturasi warna dedaunan di pohon atau batu-batuan yang akan membuat warna hijau menjadi indah cemerlang.

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2. Datanglah Lebih Awal

Air terjun banyak diminati khalayak ramai sebagai tempat rekreasi, dan tentu saja akan menyulitkan untuk mendapatkan foto yang bagus. Oleh karena itu sebaiknya datanglah lebih awal sebelum orang-orang mulai banyak berdatangan. Ini juga akan membantu anda mendapatkan spot yang bagus. Bila hal ini tidak dapat dihindari, cobalah menunggu beberapa saat sampai pada waktu kerumunan manusia berkurang. Anda dapat melakukan crop untuk menghilangkan orang yang ada di foto anda. Sebaiknya memotret air terjun sebelum jam 10 pagi, selain cahaya matahari belum terlalu keras dan orang-orang juga belum banyak yang datang.

3. Gunakan Tripod

Bila menginginkan hasil foto air terjun yang halus, anda wajib menggunakan tripod sehingga anda dapat mengatur waktu (speed) shutter menjadi lambat pada saat memotret air sementara batu-batu dan pohon-pohon akan tetap tajam gambarnya. Anda dapat mengatur “shutter speed” seberapa yang anda inginkan hasil efek aliran airnya. Tambahkan ND (neutral density) filter untuk menambah waktu menjadi lebih lambat.

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4. Tambahkan Objek Manusia

Dengan menambahkan objek manusia di dalam foto akan membuat foto lebih bercerita. Hanya saja pastikan pada saat mengambil gambar, anda menggunakan speed yang cepat apakah dengan tripod atau tanpa tripod.

5. Foreground” sebagai POI (point of interest)

Cara lain untuk membuat foto air terjun menjadi lebih menarik adalah menambahkan sesuatu  di foreground sebagai point of interest. Daun berwarna kuning pada foto dibawah ini menjadi point of interest. Secara tidak sengaja pada saat saya mengambil foto ini saya melihat sehelai daun jatuh tepat diatas batu dan saya jadikan sebagai point of interest untuk foto tersebut. Lihatlah disekeliling anda dan coba ambil beberapa angle untuk melihat hal-hal yang menarik untuk dijadikan komposisi foto.

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6. Berhati-hati

Berhati-hatilah ketika anda berjalan di sekitar air terjun. Tentunya anda tidak ingin jatuh terselip dan terluka, ataupun kamera anda menjadi rusak karenanya. Pastikan anda mempunyai tripod yang kokoh dan sesuai untuk menopang beratnya kamera. Gunakan cover anti air untuk melindungi kamera dan sediakan kain lap untuk selalu membersihkan lensa dari cipratan air.

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Note: sebagian sumber dari Kav Dadfar, travel photographer